Back to Neighborhood Transformation mainpage
9/28/01: The following ran in the current edition of ShelterForce Magazine
that is an excellent synopsis of the need for community development practitioners
to look at the health of local schools and the local educational system as vital
components to their work Enjoy.
No institution is more central to a suburban
neighborhood than the local school. People work and worship in different places,
and many rarely venture beyond their property line except in a car. But they all
walk their kids to the same bus stop in the morning, where they arrange car pools
to pick the kids up from their after-school activities. And if one parent is unhappy
about something at school, that bus stop is where the other parents hear about it,
too. Next thing you know, there's a delegation meeting with the principal or demanding
action before the school board. And action they usually get.
Schools are even more important to low-income neighborhoods. In the American mythology,
education is the route up in the world, the way children of today's poor become
tomorrow's middle class. A good local school not only lifts up the children already
there, but also attracts families who are a little better off, with all of the economic
and social benefits that such diversity can bring to a neighborhood.
So why are many public schools in low-income areas doing so poorly by their students?
You might blame the state legislature, which isn't providing enough resources. Or
blame a bureaucracy more concerned about shuffling paperwork than improving academic
achievement. Or perhaps blame the unions, whose work rules allow the best, most
experienced teachers to avoid the schools that most need their skills. While you're
at it, blame the victims: those inconsiderate children who dare to show up at the
schoolhouse door not "ready to learn."
Well, perhaps we shouldn't blame the children. They didn't choose to grow up poor,
in troubled families and even more troubled neighborhoods. The baggage they carry
to school each day isn't theirs € it belongs to a society that tolerates poverty
and all its effects. If schools are going to offer these children hope for a brighter
future, then they will have to provide the extra time, attention, and resources
that will be necessary to ensure that the opportunity we provide to the disadvantaged
really is equal.
If they don't € and let's face it, many don't € then the rest of us have a job
to do. Improving schools is essential to community building. All our good work will
suffer if the schools in our neighborhoods remain sub-par. Lenders devote significant
resources to housing, including homeownership opportunities. But who would want
to invest where their kids can't get a decent education € and where property values
reflect that sad fact? Community organizers strive mightily to clean up the streets,
but how clean will they stay if the next generation faces the same lack of opportunity
that burdens this one? And just how comprehensive is a comprehensive community initiative
that says, "Well, the schools are intractable, so let's work on something we
can actually change"?
In short, every community organization needs to be a community-and-school organization,
or at least to actively support school reform initiatives spearheaded by others.
Our efforts should be guided by a few basic principles. First, despair is not an
option. Second, whatever we do has to help kids learn. Third, there can be no preconceived
ideas. We cannot reject a reform proposal because it's being pushed by conservatives,
or because it threatens the political status quo. If children are learning, then
it's a good idea. If children aren't learning, try something else